Well, I got my Internet up, but now my domains are being screwed with. >_<
Anyway, this posting is mainly because I’ve just had a fascinating (enlightening, frustrating) discussion with Io on IRC about the status of -tai forms of verbs. I held that they are adjectives, and Io holds that they are verbs… I’ll let Io make her own argument, in fact. Which is the point of this post.
We also diverged quite strongly into the relationship between meaning and syntax, (an area in which I am much less surefooted) and I expect that too will prove a lively debate here.
(And of course, here I am reminded of my Pre-Honours assignment to monitor a mailing list for a month. Better go subscribe to something…)
Happy to hear comments from anyone else, too. I’ll present the best piece of evidence I could come up with for my position. Don’t worry, it’s short.
B: めいこもそうだ。 (Constrasted to *B:めいこもそうする。)
B: めいこもそうする。 (Contrasted to *B: めいこもそうだ。)
(Here, we can easily see that you can only use そうする cannot refer to a adjective, and そうだ cannot refer to a verb. そう itself appears to be a -する verb to me here.)
Those two examples were from Masayuki Ohkado (1991), “On the status of adjectival nouns in japanese.”. The constrast in (1) is my own, for thoroughness.
My argument here is that from the following:
(-たい form) (3)
This is possible:
But this is not:
Which implies that the -たい form is an adjective like in (1) above, not a verb like (2) above.
(My example here glosses over the other effects the -たい form has, such as not being directly applicable like that to the third person.)
I could happily extend my argument here to the -ない form of a verb, as follows:
(-ない form) (4)
But I don’t know off hand which of these is good and which is bad, and which hold the same meanings and which the opposite meaning. ^_^
For my argument to hold, then 4-1 would be correct, 4-3 wrong, and 4-2 and 4-4 ungrammatical irresepective of what came before.
Any native Japanese speakers reading this blog, and want to help out? ^_^;;
And to think this all started with the innocent question “How do I apply -saseru form to -tai?” (I answered that you can’t, -tai is an adjective. This is what I love about IRC. ^_^)